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The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), also known as the Washington Convention, is a multilateral treaty to protect endangered plants and animals from the threats of international trade. It is an international agreement between governments, aiming to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. CITES was drafted as a result of a resolution adopted in 1963 at a meeting of members of IUCN (The International Union for Conservation of Nature) and entered into force on July 1, 19752. Today, it accords varying degrees of protection to more than 40,000 species of animals and plants.